Recruitment and Major Recruitment Channels

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What is Recruitment?

Recruitment is the process of hiring workers and placing with within the industry according to their educational qualifications, physical ability, aptitude, etc. Recruitment is the first step required to add a very important tangible quality to a business. The success or failure of a business is vital to proper recruitment and placement because employees run the company and product quality depends upon on the quality of the employees designing and assembling the product.

Channels of Recruiting:

Hiring through intermediaries:

Most of the hiring for industries in India is done through intermediaries or brokers. These brokers travel all over India, taking applications and interviewing people from all over India. These brokers, then, bring selected people to cities where the industries are located. Employment brokering is a growing business in India. Even lady-brokers are facing with growing opportunities. These lady-brokers only select women for female-targeted businesses.


Conveniently available workers, familiarity with workers' skill level, and easing the burden on employees.


Workers' exploitation, staffing incompetent workers, giving rise to industrial conflicts, and preventing permanent workers from being employed. Exploitation of female employees is extreme. Some brokers demand indecent favours from female applicants in exchange of the job.

Hiring through contractors:

Many workers in Indian industries are hired through contractors. A contract job is done for a specified pay and time period. After the job is done, the temporary employee steps down from the position. The employee is paid with the stipulation that the work is done within the required deadline; if the work is not done by the required due date, the employee is not paid. The contractor provides the employee with all the tools necessary to get the project done in time.


A large number of temporary employees can be hired and get the project done quickly and efficiently, the industrialist is relieved off responsibilities, more work is done for less pay, hence, it is cheaper to hire contract workers, and, the contractor is responsible for all the legal issues with temporary workers.


Decreased benefits and monetary incentives for temporary workers, workers' exploitation, and immoral harassment.

Direct recruiting:

According to this type of hiring, job vacancies are advertised directly by the hiring company. Job vacancies are posted at the company's head office, or website, and advertised in local news papers. Thus, middlemen like brokers are no longer needed.


No broker fees, recruitment is simple and efficient, productivity is increased, and all this is done at a much lower expenditure of valuable funds.


Direct hiring is unsuitable for skilled labour, poor job advertisement, illegal brokers start exploiting people. Needless to say, the direct method of hiring is an ideal method or recruitment.

Employment exchange:

The Indian employment exchange is the best method of hiring recruitment. The government functions as the "middleman," and recruits labour from all over India. Companies post their job openings with the employment exchange, which then forwards the information to potential candidates.

Other methods:

Employees may also be hired through trade unions, reference of a relative, or through labour officers.

Additional Readings:

1. Palekar Tribunal
2. Functions and Concepts of Industrial Management
3. Maladjusted Worker
4. Contract Work
5. Industrial Bureaucracy
6. Elements of an Organization
7. Scope, Aims, Objectives of Personnel Management
8. Recruitment and Major Recruitment Channels
9. Obstacles of Indian Trade Unions
10. Impact of Industrialization on Social Life
11. Automation and Steps Involved
12. Advantages and Disadvantages of Broker Recruitment
13. Causes and Consequences of Industrial Disputes

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