List & Functions of Organizations that monitor Labor Welfares

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Role of Welfare Services:

Some larger industries provide excellent welfare services to their employees, however, some of the new smaller industries provide only the bare minimum welfare services. Furthermore, trade unions have been ignoring workers' basic demands instead run on their own agendas. Thus, various welfare monitoring organizations have popped up in the industrial sector to ensure that all workers, irrespective to their industry, are being offered adequate welfare services by their company. Some of these organizations include the Mahila Mandal, which trains women in education, tailoring, knitting, spinning, basic hygiene. Then there is the Mazdoor Sabah of Kanpur; the Railwaymen's Union, which provides support for retirement, demise, unemployment, sickness, etc. and even life insurance and legal defense; the Federation of labor in UP, which has setup nearly 48 labor welfare centers in Uttar Pradesh; and the Assam Branch of the Indian National Trade Union Congress.

Social Service Agencies:

Certain high profile social service agencies include the Bombay Social Service League, founded by the Servants of India Society and worked for the benefit of mills, mass education, and night schools, etc.; the Seva Sadan Society which has worked for the welfare of women and children in terms of medical, social and educational welfare; the YMCA, the Bombay Presidency Women's Council, the Maternity and Infant Welfare Association, the Depressed Classes Mission Society, and many more.


Some municipalities have shown interest in welfare provisions. The Bombay Municipal Corporation runs various welfare centers for mill workers. Some of these facilities include a school, nursery school, games, film shows, and organized maternity facilities as well. The Madras Municipal Corporation has also taken the initiative of starting night schools for working adults, a cr�che and a canteen in the Corporation Workshop. There are many other municipal corporations running in Delhi, Ajmer, Kanpur, and Calcutta.

Labor Welfare Officer and State Inspector:

The position of labor welfare officer was established to eliminate the fraudulent practices of hiring agencies that hired employees. After a few obstacles, the position of labor welfare officer was officially approved by the various organizations and committees, and the following duties were levied upon the welfare officer:

1. Minimize and eliminate fraudulent of practices of hiring agencies.

2. Development and improvement of labor associations at mills.

3. Serve as a liaison with the State labor commissioner.

Duties of Labor Welfare Offiver and State Inspector:

Currently, however, the duties of the labor Welfare Officer and State Inspector are:

1. Supervision of programmes such as health, safety, welfare, housing, sanitary services, payment processes during emergency, etc.

2. Provide counseling and moral support to new employees.

3. Advice management in labor management and policies concerning training programmes, benefits, etc.

4. Liaison with workers so as to maintain a harmonious relationship between management and laborers.

5. Liaison with management so as to advice them on labor welfare practices and be a voice on behalf of the employees.

6. Serve as a communication link between management and employees, and even intervene against unfair management, and promote welfare of laborers.

7. Liaison with external entities such as medical officers, factory inspectors, community officials, etc., so as to maintain relationships and work for the betterment of the society on the whole.

Additional Readings:

1. Define the term 'Labor Welfare'
2. Theories about Conceptual Frame Framework of Labor Welfare
3. Basic Principles of successful Labor Welfare Programs
4. Explain the Factories Act of 1948
5. Explain the Employee’s State Insurance Act of 1948
6. Explain the Employee’s Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act of 1952
7. List and Functions of Organizations that monitor Labor Welfares
8. Workmen’s Compensation Act of 1923
9. Employees Pension Scheme of 1995
10. Payment of Gratitude Act of 1972
11. Social Security System
12. Maternity Benefits Act of 1961
13. Welfare Measures at the Tata Iron and Steel Company

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