Theories about Conceptual Frame Framework of Labor Welfare

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1. Police theory:

This theory is based on the assumption that industries are inherently greedy and take advantage of employees. Thus, it is necessary to establish minimum standards for the welfare of workers. Under these conditions, the government has to step in and oversee that labour welfare is enacted by the industry. This type of government interference is for both the government and labour. The stages of implementing police theory are: enactments, supervision, and punishment. Unfortunately, the functionality of police theory is dependant upon fear rather than mutual understanding. Industries always find loopholes to avoid compliance.

2. Religious theory:

Religious theory is based upon the idea that good deeds are an investment and that providing labour welfare is essentially doing good for mankind. Thus, doing good may bring peace and prosperity. This theory grants labour welfare to workers based upon their fundamental right.

3. Philanthropic theory:

This theory urges that good should be done for human beings. Human nature is inherently self-centered, and doing good deeds is a way to counter that quality. Industries provide necessities for their employees based on goodwill.

4. Trusteeship theory:

This theory is based on the idea that senior industrial managers are educated and wise in their decisions. Thus, industrial managers are responsible for the welfare of their labour, which may be uneducated. This type of obligation is driven by moral, not religious obligations. Nevertheless, it is just as effective as a legal contract. Mahatma Gandhi was a great advocate of the trusteeship theory.

5. Placating theory:

The placating theory advocates timely satisfaction of workers for their appeasement. As modern workers become more bold and demanding, they are to be satisfied on a continual basis. Overall, this type of labour welfare is not desirable as it creates an atmosphere of deceitfulness and dishonesty.

6. Public Relations theory:

This theory works on the basis of goodwill between employers and employees and the general public. Companies advertise their labour welfare programmes and company benefits in hopes of attracting qualified personnel. These programs improve relations between everyone involved in the company as long as the welfare advertisements are in place.

7. Functional theory:

This theory states that a fully mentally and physically satisfied worker is the most efficient. Industrial welfare is a means to keep industrial workers content so they may work effectively.

Additional Readings:

1. Define the term 'Labor Welfare'
2. Theories about Conceptual Frame Framework of Labor Welfare
3. Basic Principles of successful Labor Welfare Programs
4. Explain the Factories Act of 1948
5. Explain the Employee’s State Insurance Act of 1948
6. Explain the Employee’s Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act of 1952
7. List and Functions of Organizations that monitor Labor Welfares
8. Workmen’s Compensation Act of 1923
9. Employees Pension Scheme of 1995
10. Payment of Gratitude Act of 1972
11. Social Security System
12. Maternity Benefits Act of 1961
13. Welfare Measures at the Tata Iron and Steel Company

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