Random USMLE Facts volume 1-1

  >   Rahul's Noteblog   >   Notes on USMLE facts, Exam Tips, and USMLE Lab Values   >   Random USMLE Facts volume 1-1

Random USMLE Facts volume 1-1:

USMLE Facts 1 USMLE Facts 2 USMLE Facts 3 USMLE Facts 4 USMLE Facts 5
USMLE Facts 6 USMLE Facts 7 USMLE Facts 8 USMLE Facts 9 USMLE Facts 10

Beta 1 receptors:

Increased heart rate, increased contractility.

Beta 2 receptors:

Vasodilation, bronchodilation.

Patent foramen ovale:

Produces atrial fibrillation and stroke in young people.

Phenytoin effects on kidney:

Tubulointerstitial nephritis.


May be caused by infection, electrolyte abnormalities, metabolic disturbances, alcohol intoxication or withdrawal, hypoperfusion, drug intoxication, and adverse effects due to medication.

Budd-Chiari syndrome:

Sudden hepatomegaly, pain, ascites, and jaundice. Hypercoagulability is a risk factor for Budd-Chiari syndrome.

Metabolism of Cyclophosphamide:

Produces acrolein, which causes hemorrhagic cystitis.(treat with mesna or N-acetylcysteine).

Turcot syndrome:

Polyposis and glioblastoma multiforme.

Kawasaki's Syndrome:

Anti-endothelial cell (and anti-smooth muscle cell) autoantibodies.

Renal clearance of weak acids:

(Eg., aspirin) is greatly increased when urine pH is alkalinized.

Minimal Change Disease:

Proteinuria: plasma protein concentration will go down, thus decreasing the oncotic pressure in the glomerular capillary.

Carcinoid Tumors:

Most likely occur in the midgut-derived small bowel, which begins at the ligament of Treitz and ends at the mid transverse colon.

Interstitial Nephritis:

Medications that cause interstitial nephritis include penicillins (eg., methicillin and nafcillin), sulfonamides, cephalosporins, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome:

Tachycardia, hypotension, petechial skin lesions, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and coma.

Pain in Myocardial Infarction:

Is felt near the neck and shoulder because afferent pain fibers of the heart enter the posterior horn of the spinal cord at the same level as the brachial plexus, hence, leading to pain that is felt in the neck and shoulder region.

Fever and Headache in AIDS patients:

In AIDS patients, diseases that cause fever and headache in these patients are toxoplasmosis, Cryptococcus, and central nervous system lymphoma.

Childhood Brain Tumors:

That can result in hydrocephalus by obstructing the fourth ventricle: medulloblastomas, ependymomas, and hemangioblastomas.

Von Hippel Lindau Syndrome:

Hemangioblastomas, or cavernous hemangiomas of the retina, cerebellum, and medulla; renal cell carcinoma; adenomas and cysts of the liver, kidneys, and pancreas.

"Coin" lesion in the lung:

Smoking and "coin" lesion in the lung: PTH-related-peptide-producing lung tumor.

USMLE Facts 1 USMLE Facts 2 USMLE Facts 3 USMLE Facts 4 USMLE Facts 5
USMLE Facts 6 USMLE Facts 7 USMLE Facts 8 USMLE Facts 9 USMLE Facts 10

Additional Readings:

Random USMLE Facts

1. Random USMLE Facts volume 1-1
2. Random USMLE Facts volume 2-1
3. Random USMLE Facts volume 3-1
4. Random USMLE Facts volume 4-1
5. Random USMLE Facts volume 5-1
6. Random USMLE Facts volume 6-1
7. Random USMLE Facts volume 7-1
8. Random USMLE Facts volume 8-1
9. Random USMLE Facts volume 9-1
10. Random USMLE Facts volume 10-1
11. Random USMLE Facts volume 11-1
12. Random USMLE Facts volume 12-1

General and Systemic Examinations

1. General Examination for Internal Medicine
2. Jugular Venous Distention Workup
3. ER Chest Pain Workup
4. Format for Patient Presentation
5. Pulmonary Examination for Internal Medicine
6. Cardiac Examination for Internal Medicine
7. Abdominal Examination for Internal Medicine
8. Cranial Nerve Reflexes
9. Motor System Examination
10. Random Sensory System Facts
11. Random Stroke Facts

Medical Files & Presentations

1. USMLE Flashcards [Size: 1.9 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
2. Otitis Media in Children [Size: 5.4 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
3. Irritable Bowel Syndrome [Size: 170 kB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
4. Acid-Base Disturbance: Acidotic or Alkalotic? [Size: 427 kB; Format: PDF]
5. Thrombocytopenia [Size: 2.42 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
6. Are Face Transplants Ethical? [Size: 70.2 kB; Format: MS Powerpoint]

USMLE Step 2 CS Videos

1. Video of Cardiology Examination in a Clinical Setting
2. Video of Neurology Examination in a Clinical Setting
3. Video of Pulmonology Examination in a Clinical Setting
4. Video of Musculoskeletal Examination in a Clinical Setting
5. Video of Abdominal Examination in a Clinical Setting
6. Video of HEENT Examination in a Clinical Setting
7. Video and Description of Rinne Hearing Test
8. Video and Description of Weber Hearing Test

USMLE Laboratory (lab) Values

1. USMLE Blood Lab Values
2. USMLE Cerebrospinal Lab Values
3. USMLE Hematologic Lab Values
4. USMLE Sweat and Urine Lab Values

Medical Images

Useful Medical Images & Diagrams (link opens in a new window)

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