Random USMLE Facts volume 1-2

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Random USMLE Facts volume 1-2:

USMLE Facts 1 USMLE Facts 2 USMLE Facts 3 USMLE Facts 4 USMLE Facts 5
USMLE Facts 6 USMLE Facts 7 USMLE Facts 8 USMLE Facts 9 USMLE Facts 10


Prolonged PR intervals and peaked T waves on ECG.


Nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity.

Goodpasture's syndrome:

Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies are specific to the 3 chain of type IV collagen.

Extreme muscle strain:

Leads to rhabdomyolysis, which leads to hyperkalemia, which leads to arrhythmia, and possibly, death.


At risk for squamous and basal cell carcinoma (BCC), and malignant melanoma.

Hepatic encephalopathy:

Can be caused by hypokalemia, azotemia, alkalosis, and hypovolemia; all of these can be precipitated by diuretics like hydrochlorothiazide (especially known for causing hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis).

Methamphetamine toxicity:

Give diazepam and antipsychotic agents.

Prostate cancer:

Most likely spreads to the vertebral column.

Salicylate (aspirin) intoxication:

Altered mental status together with metabolic acidosis with respiratory alkalosis.

Paraneoplastic syndrome:

Production of hormonally active substances (eg., small cell lung carcinoma producing ACTH/ADH).

Basal cell carcinoma:

Basal cell carcinoma = pearly.

Squamous cell carcinoma:

Squamous cell carcinoma = scaly.

Testicular tumors:

First-line treatment for testicular tumors: bleomycin (side-effect includes pulmonary toxicity and fibrosis).


VIPomas arise within the pancreas and are seen in MEN I.

Hepatic encephalopathy:

Give lactulose. Lactulose is ingested by colonic bacteria, which acidifies the colon, which converts ammonia into a non-absorbable protonated form.

Xeroderma pigmentosum:

Defective excision repair mechanism.

Hereditary nonpolyposis:

Colorectal cancer = defects in mismatch repair.

TSH, hCG, FSH, and LH:

TSH, hCG, FSH, and LH are very similar in structure.

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD):

Donor T lymphocytes recognize the recipient as foreign and mount an immune response.

Kidneys of type 2 diabetics:

Diffuse mesangial expansion in the glomeruli; advanced diabetic nephropathy demonstrates nodular glomerulosclerosis.

BRCA1 and BRCA2:

Genes are found on chromosomes 17 and 13 respectively.

USMLE Facts 1 USMLE Facts 2 USMLE Facts 3 USMLE Facts 4 USMLE Facts 5
USMLE Facts 6 USMLE Facts 7 USMLE Facts 8 USMLE Facts 9 USMLE Facts 10

Additional Readings:

Random USMLE Facts

1. Random USMLE Facts volume 1-1
2. Random USMLE Facts volume 2-1
3. Random USMLE Facts volume 3-1
4. Random USMLE Facts volume 4-1
5. Random USMLE Facts volume 5-1
6. Random USMLE Facts volume 6-1
7. Random USMLE Facts volume 7-1
8. Random USMLE Facts volume 8-1
9. Random USMLE Facts volume 9-1
10. Random USMLE Facts volume 10-1
11. Random USMLE Facts volume 11-1
12. Random USMLE Facts volume 12-1

General and Systemic Examinations

1. General Examination for Internal Medicine
2. Jugular Venous Distention Workup
3. ER Chest Pain Workup
4. Format for Patient Presentation
5. Pulmonary Examination for Internal Medicine
6. Cardiac Examination for Internal Medicine
7. Abdominal Examination for Internal Medicine
8. Cranial Nerve Reflexes
9. Motor System Examination
10. Random Sensory System Facts
11. Random Stroke Facts

Medical Files & Presentations

1. USMLE Flashcards [Size: 1.9 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
2. Otitis Media in Children [Size: 5.4 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
3. Irritable Bowel Syndrome [Size: 170 kB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
4. Acid-Base Disturbance: Acidotic or Alkalotic? [Size: 427 kB; Format: PDF]
5. Thrombocytopenia [Size: 2.42 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
6. Are Face Transplants Ethical? [Size: 70.2 kB; Format: MS Powerpoint]

USMLE Step 2 CS Videos

1. Video of Cardiology Examination in a Clinical Setting
2. Video of Neurology Examination in a Clinical Setting
3. Video of Pulmonology Examination in a Clinical Setting
4. Video of Musculoskeletal Examination in a Clinical Setting
5. Video of Abdominal Examination in a Clinical Setting
6. Video of HEENT Examination in a Clinical Setting
7. Video and Description of Rinne Hearing Test
8. Video and Description of Weber Hearing Test

USMLE Laboratory (lab) Values

1. USMLE Blood Lab Values
2. USMLE Cerebrospinal Lab Values
3. USMLE Hematologic Lab Values
4. USMLE Sweat and Urine Lab Values

Medical Images

Useful Medical Images & Diagrams (link opens in a new window)

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